تأثیر دوره‌های آماده‌سازی و مسابقه بر سطوح استراحتی شاخص‌های پلاکتی، فیبرینوژن و پروتئین واکنشگر C در بازیکنان حرفه‌ای فوتبال

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه عمومی و علوم پایه، دانشگاه علوم و فنون دریایی خرمشهر

2 دانشیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشگاه شهید ‌بهشتی

3 استاد گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشگاه شهید‌ بهشتی

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی تأثیر دورۀ تمرین (دوره‌های آماده‌سازی و مسابقۀ فوتبال) بر شاخص‌های پلاکتی، فیبرینوژن و CRP در بازیکنان حرفه‌ای می‌باشد. بدین‌منظور، 10 نفر از بازیکنان تیم فوتبال صنعت نفت آبادان (با میانگین سنی 7/2±5/22 سال، وزن 4±71 کیلوگرم، قد 5/4±5/178 سانتی‌متر و شاخص تودۀ بدن 4/0±2/22 کیلوگرم بر مترمربع) در این پژوهش شرکت نمودند و یک فصل دورههای آمادهسازی و مسابقۀ فوتبال (که حدوداً 10 ماه بود) را اجرا کردند. شایان‌ذکر است که نمونه‌های خونی به‌منظور اندازه‌گیری شاخص‌های پلاکتی، فیبرینوژن و CRP در چهار مرحلۀ قبل و بعد از دورۀ آماده‌سازی، نیم‌فصل و پایان فصل مسابقات گرفته شد. جهت مقایسۀ میانگین پارامترها نیز از تحلیل واریانس مکرر استفاده گردید. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که دورۀ تمرین باعث ایجاد تغییر معنادار در سطوح استراحتی تعداد پلاکت‌ها، متوسط حجم پلاکتی و درصد پلاکتی شده است، اما در سطوح استراحتی پهنای توزیع پلاکتی، فیبرینوژن و CRP تغییری ایجاد نکرده است. به‌طورکلی، می‌توان گفت که دورۀ تمرین باعث کاهش تشکیل ترومبوز و نیز کاهش احتمال وقوع حملۀ قلبی در فوتبالیست‌های حرفه‌ای می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Preparation Periods and Matches on the Rest Levels of Platelet Indexs, Fibrinogen and CRP Index in Soccer Professional Players

نویسندگان [English]

  • Davar Rezaeimanesh 1
  • Sajjad Ahmadizad 2
  • Khosro Ebrahim 3
چکیده [English]

The purpose of Present study was to investigate the effect of Preparation Periods and matches on platelet indexes, Fibrinogen and CRP in soccer Professional players. For this reason, 10 football players from Sanaat Nafte Abadan (age, 22.5±7 years; weight, 71±4 kg; height 178.5±4.5 cm; BMI, 22.2±0.4 kg/m2) Participated of the study. The Subjects Completed a season of Preparation periods in soccer matches which lasts about 10 months. Blood samples were taken in four phases, before the Preparation season, after the preparation season, during the Season break and after the Season, to measure platelet indexes, fibrinogen and CRP. To compare parameter Averages, a Repeated ANOVA was used. Training period led to significant (P<0.05) changes PLT, PCT and MPV, whereas, it did not influence on fibrinogen and CRP. According to the findings of this study, the training Period leads to a decline in thrombosis and Decreases the chances of heart attacks in soccer players.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Platelet count
  • Mean Platelet Volume
  • Fibrinogen
  • CRP
  • Preparation Period
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