مقایسۀ اثر فعالیت تناوبی شدید با حرکت هم‌زمان، متوالی و متناوب بالاتنه و پایین‌تنه بر آیریزین وBDNF پلاسمای زنان چاق

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس‌ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشگاه خوارزمی تهران، تهران، ایران

2 استاد فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

4 استاد پژوهشی بیوشیمی، مرکز تحقیقات سلولی و مولکولی غدد درون‌ریز، پژوهشکده علوم غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر مقایسه اثر فعالیت تناوبی شدید با سه‌ مدل چیدمان؛ همزمان، متوالی و متناوب فعالیت بالاتنه و پایین‌تنه بر آیریزین و BDNF پلاسمای زنان چاق بود. 11‌زن تمرین نکرده‌ی چاق، 5/8±30/5‌ ساله و درصد چربی؛ 4/0±39/9، طی سه روز غیر متوالی، سه پروتکل روی دستگاه الپتیکال را با اعمال طرح متقاطع اجرا کردند. در پروتکل متوالی؛ پدال زدن دست، سپس پا بصورت متوالی هر‌کدام 10‌ تکرار با 90% وات‌حداکثر به مدت 40 دقیقه، در پروتکل همزمان؛10‌ تکرار پدال زدن دست با پا بصورت همزمان با 90% وات‌حداکثر به مدت 29 دقیقه و در پروتکل متناوب؛ پدال زدن دست و پا بصورت متناوب هر کدام 14 تکرار با 90% وات‌حداکثر‌ به مدت 26 دقیقه و40 ثانیه، اجرا گردید. وهله‌های یک‌دقیقه‌ای فعالیت توسط استراحت‌های فعال یک‌دقیقه‌ای با 30% وات‌حداکثر تفکیک شدند. نمونه‌خونی قبل و یک‌‌ساعت پس از اتمام پروتکل‌ها اخذ شد. نتایج تحلیل واریانس با اندازه‌های تکراری و آزمون تعقیبی LSD، تفاوت معناداری (p≤0/05) در مقایسه تغییرات آیریزین و یا BDNF بین پروتکل‌ها نشان نداد اما در پروتکل‌های همزمان، متوالی و متناوب به ترتیب با افزایش 28/24 (0/02=p)، 21/86 و 17/18 (0/03=p) درصدی سطوح آیریزین و کاهش 0/01، 10/08 و 10/76 درصدی سطوح BDNF، نسبت به مقادیر پایه روبرو بودیم. در مجموع علیرغم صرف زمان کمتر در مدل‌های همزمان و متناوب نسبت به مدل متوالی و درک فشار کمتر مدل متناوب نسبت به مدل همزمان، به نظر می‌رسد ترشح آیریزین و BDNF بیشتر متاثر از انرژی مصرفی طی ورزش باشد تا شدت، مدت و یا مدل چیدمان فعالیت عضلات.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Comparison of the Effect of High Intensity Interval Exercise using Synchronize, Consecutive and Alternate Upper and Lower body Activity on Plasma Irisin and BDNF in Obese women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sara Sarkheili 1
  • Hamid Rajabi 2
  • Pezhman Motamedi 3
  • Mehdi Hedayati 4
1 M.Sc. of Exercise Physiology, Kharazmi University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor of Exercise Physiology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor of Exercise Physiology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
4 Research Professor of Biochemistry, Cellular and Molecular Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The present study aimed to compare the effects of three models of high intensity interval exercise with synchronize, consecutive and alternate upper and lower body activity on plasma Irisin and BDNF among obese women. To this aim, 11 untrained obese women (30/5±5/8yrs; body fat: %39/9±4/0) completed three protocols on the Elliptical ergometer in cross design method. Regarding consecutive protocols, the arm and then leg pedaling was done consecutively, each 10 repeats with 90% wmax for 40minutes. In synchronize protocols, 10 repetitions of arm and leg pedaling were simultaneously performed with 90% wmax for 29minutes. As for alternate protocol, arm and leg pedaling was alternately done, each 14 repeats with 90% wmax for 26.6 minutes. Then, each bout of activity was separated by one-minute active rest with 30% wmax. In addition, the blood samples were taken before the first protocol and one hour after completing each protocol. Results of repeated measure ANOVA and LSD post hoc test reported no significant difference (p≤0/05) in Irisin or BDNF changes between protocols. However, 28/24% (p=0/02), 21/86% and 17/18% (p=0/03) increase occurred at the synchronize, consecutive and alternate protocols in Irisin levels, respectively while 0/01%, 10/08%, 10/76% reduction occurred in BDNF levels, respectively, compared to baseline values. In spite of spent less time on synchronize and alternate models than consecutive model and lower perceived exertion in alternate model than synchronize model, it seems that Irisin and BDNF secretion is mainly affected from energy expenditure during exercise than activity intensity, duration or order of muscle activity.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • HIIE
  • upper and lower body
  • Irisin
  • BDNF
  • obese women
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