هنجارهای آمادگی جسمانی مرتبط با تندرستی برای مردان 18 تا 60 ساله شهر رشت

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی‌ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

2 استاد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

3 استادیار فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، پژوهشگاه علوم ورزشی، تهران، ایران

4 دکتری فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

چکیده

هدف از انجام پژوهش حاضر، تدوین هنجار آمادگی جسمانی مرتبط با تندرستی مردان 18 تا 60 ساله شهر رشت بود. این پژوهش از نوع توصیفی و به روش پیمایشی بود که از میان جامعه آماری موردنظر 384 مرد 18 تا 60 ساله شهر رشت به‌صورت خوشه‌ای و سیستماتیک انتخاب شدند. وزن، قد، BMI، WHR،چربی زیرپوستی 3 نقطه، استقامت قلبی- تنفسی ، قدرت پنجه‌های دست، انعطاف تنه، استقامت کمربند شانه‌ای و استقامت عضلات شکم با استفاده از آزمون‌های استاندارد اندازه‌گیری شد. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از آمار توصیفی، فرمول z و محاسبه نقاط درصدی در هر آزمون استفاده شد و از روی رتبه‌های درصدی به تفکیک عوامل آمادگی جسمانی، هنجار تهیه شد. میانگین استقامت قلبی- تنفسی(14/48 میلی-لیتر/کیلوگرم/دقیقه)، قدرت پنجه دست (28/54 کیلوگرم)، استقامت عضلات ناحیه شکم (تعداد 77/34 دراز و نشست)، استقامت عضلانی ناحیه کمربند شانه (تعداد 39/32 شنای سوئدی)، انعطاف‌پذیری (52/26 سانتی‌متر)، چربی بدن (76/25 درصد)، BMI (38/26 کیلوگرم بر مترمربع) و WHR (96/0) آزمودنی‌ها به دست آمد.‬ یافته‌های پژوهش حاضر نشان داد اکثر مردان 18 تا 60 ساله شهر رشت در ارتباط با ترکیب بدن در وضعیت متوسط و در ارتباط با دیگر عوامل آمادگی جسمانی در شرایط نسبتاً خوبی قرار دارند. خوشبختانه در بسیاری از فاکتورهای آمادگی جسمانی، مردان رشتی در مقایسه با مردان دیگر مناطق ایران و حتی دیگر کشورها در وضعیت بهتری قرار دارند. بااین حال، اطلاعات اندکی در زمینه نورم آمادگی جسمانی افراد جامعه در رده سنی بررسی شده در مطالعه حاضر(18-60 ساله)در ایران وجود دارد که پیشنهاد می شود مطالعاتی در این راستا صورت پذیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Health-Related Fitness Norms in Men Aged 18 - 60 Years Old in Rasht City

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ehsan Safari Torbati 1
  • Hamid Mohebbi 2
  • Hadi Rohani 3
  • Abuzar Jorbonian 4
1 MSc of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
2 Professor of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
3 Assistant Professor of Exercise Physiology, Department of Exercise Physiology, Sport Sciences Research Institute, Tehran, Iran
4 Ph.D. of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of the present study was to constructing a norm of health-related fitness in men aged 18 - 60 years old in Rasht city. The study was descriptive and performed using the survey method in which 384 men aged 18-60 from Rasht city were systematically selected using cluster sampling method. Weight, height, BMI, WHR, skinfold of 3 points, aerobic power, handgrip strength, trunk flexibility, abdomen and shoulder girdle muscular endurance were measured using the standard tests. In order to analyze the data, descriptive statistics, z-score, and percentiles were used in each test and the norm of each fitness factor was constructed according to the percentiles. Mean aerobic power (48.14 ml/kg/min), handgrip strength (54.28 kg), abdomen muscular endurance (34.77 sit-ups), shoulder girdle muscular endurance (32.39 push-ups), trunk flexibility (26.52 cm), body fat (25.76 %), BMI (26.38 kg/m2) and WHR (0.96) of the subjects were observed. The results showed that most 18-60 aged men in Rasht city have middle status in relation to body composition and are relatively good in relation to other fitness factors. Fortunately, in most of the physical fitness factors, Rashti men are in a better status than other regions of Iran and even other countries. However, there is little data on the norm of physical fitness of the population of the age group studied in this study (aged 18-60) in Iran, which suggests that studies be conducted in this regard.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • norm
  • Fitness
  • Men
  • Rasht
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