اثر مکمل گیری HMB-FA بر شاخص های آسیب عضلانی در پروتکل شبیه سازی شده کشتی در کشتی گیران نخبه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکدۀ تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناسی‌ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی ، دانشکدۀ تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی تأثیر مکمل HMB-FAبر شاخص های آسیب عضلانی در کشتی گیران نخبه بود.
در مجموع بیست کشتی گیر مرد در دو گروه مکمل-ورزش (10نفر) و دارونما-ورزش (10نفر) برای شرکت در تحقیق انتخاب شدند. آزمودنی ها به مقدار g/d 3 ازHMB-FA یا دارونما را دریافت کردند. نمونه های خونی جهت اندازه گیری مقادیر کراتین کیناز (CK) سرم و لاکتات دهیدروژناز (LDH) سرم قبل از مصرف مکمل، بعد از مصرف مکمل، بلافاصله بعد از تکرار اول، سوم و پنجم پروتکل اختصاصی کشتی، گرفته شد. وضعیت ریکاوری درک شده (PRS)، بلافاصله قبل از تکرار اول، دوم، سوم، چهارم و پنجم پروتکل اختصاصی کشتی، ارزیابی شد. نتایج با استفاده از آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس آنکوا و آزمون آنالیز واریانس با اندازه گیری های تکراری تجزیه و تحلیل شد.
یافته های این پژوهش نشان داد که مقادیر شاخص های آسیب عضلانی شامل CK، LDH نسبت به گروه دارونما به میزان بیشتری در گروه HMB-FA کاهش یافت (05/0>p). همچنین تغییر قابل توجهی برای PRS وجود داشت که نسبت به گروه HMB-FA به میزان بیشتری در گروه دارونما کاهش یافت (05/0>p).
بنابراین می توان نتیجه گرفت که مکمل گیری HMB-FA شاخص های آسیب عضلانی در پروتکل شبیه سازی شده کشتی در کشتی گیران نخبه را بهبود می بخشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of HMB-FA Supplementation on Muscle damage indices in a Simulated Wrestling Protocols in elite wrestlers

نویسندگان [English]

  • Bakhtyar Tartibian 1
  • Bagher Rezaei 2
1 Professor of Exercise Physiology, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran
2 Master Science of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect of HMB-FA supplementation on muscle damage indices in elite wrestlers.
A total of twenty wrestlers selected in two supplement- exercise (n=10) and placebo- exercise (n=10) groups to participate in a simulated wrestling protocol. Subjects were randomly assigned to receive either 3g/d of HMB-FA or a placebo. Blood samples to measure serum creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were taken before taking the supplement, after taking the supplement, immediately after the first repetition of the simulated wrestling protocol, immediately after the third repetition of the simulated wrestling protocol, immediately after the fifth repetition of the simulated wrestling protocol. The perceived recovery status (PRS) was assessed immediately before the first, second, third, fourth, and fifth repetitions of the simulated wrestling protocol. The results were analyzed using ANCOVA analysis of covariance and analysis of variance with repeated measures.
The results of this study showed that the values of muscle damage indices, including CK, LDH decreased significantly more than the placebo group in the HMB-FA group (p<0.05). There was also a significant change for PRS, which significantly decreased in the placebo group compared to HMB-FA (p<0.05).
Therefor, it can be concluded that HMB-FA supplementation appears to improve muscle damage indices in wrestlers' simulated wrestling protocol.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • wrestler
  • HMB-FA
  • Muscle damage
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